It is said that the explosion of the executive coaching activity occurred because it simply works. Executive coaches use tools and methodologies such as 360-degree feedback or psychological assessments to guide the coaching relationship. In fact research shows that executive coaching results in improved productivity and increased leadership effectiveness. In addition, research found that executive coaching resulted in managers and executives who are more likely inclined to set specific goals, request areas of improvement from their leadership and receive higher ratings from those who reported to them and their direct leadership. These results come from studies who interviewed the manager or executive who was coached as well as the leaders, co-workers, and staff of the manager or executive who was coached.